What is taping used for in sports?
Kinesiology Taping is regarded as Therapeutic Taping, it relates to having a good effect on the mind, body and having a healing effect.
To achieve this, techniques are used as a component on patients with musculoskeletal conditions.
Different techniques are taught to therapists and then selected to be used in clinical practice, there are many different tools therapists can use but taping can be effective for some musculoskeletal conditions.
Damaged tissues can be taped to reduce strain, whilst providing support and facilitating the correct movement pattern it can also inhibit the activity a muscle uses. This can then assist in helping the therapist to address the underlying problem a patient has. A therapist would not use taping to isolate a problem but use it to work alongside with appropriate exercises and other techniques. (Bandyopadhyay and Mahapatra, 2012)
When doing taping you need to have an excellent knowledge of the anatomy, this is to ensure the vital importance of the success from the taping, and to prevent further injury to the patient. The therapist needs to know the application techniques and the anatomical details of the area they are taping.
Taping can be used to reduce pain, to prevent or stop injuries reoccurring, reduce the strain on the injuries or tissues that are vulnerable.
Taping is also used to promote normal muscle activation patterns, it is either used to facilitate underactive muscles or by inhibiting overactive muscles. When applying tape across the line of muscle fibres will facilitate their action, and taping applied in line with the fibres will inhibit muscle activity and is used this way for compression and tractioning.
Taping can possibly have psychological effects, giving athletes increased confidence so some may use it prior to every game, it can be used by athletes under the impression it improves their strength and decreases anxiety about reinjuring themselves or sustain an injury in the first place.
Kinesiology taping can be used to help support minor injuries whilst in the middle of a game or it could be used to speed up recovery time for an athlete and get them back to playing as soon as possible. The taping procedures must be followed based on a certain criteria and rules; these should be carried out by the professional onto the injured sports person.
Before any taping the correct skin preparation should be carried out , having the injured area in its correct functional position, checking for cuts, and any adherents, also a consultation to check to see if they are allergic to anything. Any allergies should have correct lubricants or under wraps applied beforehand. Any other concerns, then the athlete should be referred on to specialists; no medical diagnosis should be given by the therapists.
BANDYOPADHYAY, and MAHAPATRA, (2012) Taping in Sports: a brief update. [Online] Available from: http://eds.b.ebscohost.com/eds/pdfviewer/pdfviewer?vid=3&sid=5c68f6ed-92b2-46eb-b44f-bc8364c7f71e%40sessionmgr102 [accessed 13 February 2018].