Blog spotlight: April 2018

This month’s focus is a health, fitness and physiology blog. Sounds perfect, right?

 

BenJanefitness.com is a website made to provide learning resources to professionals and students, providing reviews, guides and articles on health related issues. He also has tips on essay writing, a workshop on lab reports, and links to health qualification website. Take advantage as much as you can!

 

Find his twitter here:  @BenJaneFitness

Can Children outrun obesity? A critical analysis of diet, malnutrition and healthy lifestyles

Despite the deadly connotations of poor diet, the balance between diet and exercise is hotly debated. Some research suggests that energy expenditure (EE) is the main factor of weight management (Fock & Khoo, 2013), and a child’s poor diet can be offset by an active lifestyle. I find it wise to support this hypothesis, to some extent. Note that the article references only weight, not disease, nor physical health. In no way can children outrun the consequences of poor nutrition, but they may be able to outrun excess weight and obesity (Kuźbicka & Rachoń, 2013). Despite this, there is still the risk of exercise addiction and anorexia to be mindful of, even if cases are rare when contrasted by obesity.

When examining the youthful demographic’s EE, children are more susceptible to sedentary behaviour, especially when in contact with technology/media (Pate et al., 2011). Children are disadvantaged by recent increases in sedentary communion (Loprinzi & Cardinal, 2011), while also being hampered by public transport increases (Rissel et al., 2012), decreasing the viability of cycling/walking to schools thereby reducing valuable exercise time. This skews the EE of children negatively, increasing chances of obesity and Type 2 diabetes, forcing more resources to be expended in decreasing the prevalence of obesity, while attempting to control treatment with current methods.

Finally, the development of programs designed to decrease the public overweight crisis have been moderately successful (Hung et al., 2015), but continued pre-emptive action is vital in a continual race against the growing obesity crisis (Wang, 2001). The WHO classifies obesity as a global, multinational epidemic. Worse, the WHO claims 40 million children under the age of 5 are overweight and likely to become obese in future years.

 

So that’s it right? Children with poor diets are doomed?

 

Recently, poor diet has been synonymous with obesity (Poti et al., 2014), but other side-effects of a “bad diet” can be similarly catastrophic, with malnutrition, dehydration and vitamin deficiencies as consequences of poor management of vitamins and macro-nutrients (Find here the NHS Eat-well plate, a simple guide to nutrition).

Exercise only worsens dehydration and it cannot replace macro-nutrient intake. A study by (Galler et al., 2010 pg. 798), suggests malnutrition can indicate depression between 11-17, and concludes that malnutrition independently contributes to depressive symptoms in youths. Furthermore, both malnutrition and diabetes have been shown to impair cognitive functions and signifies adolescent behavioural issues (Galler et al., 2012). Dehydration has a more telegraphed link to cognitive impairment and death, while vitamin deficiency has varied effects. Recent WHO  (World Health Organisation) evaluation classes Vitamin D deficiency as a global pandemic (Holick & Chen, 2008), as most of the populace believes sunlight is the sole source. This is not the case, as neither Ultraviolet radiation-B (UVB) rays or dietary supplements alone can produce enough vitamin D for a healthy lifestyle. (Holick & Chen, 2008).

 

References:

 

Fock, K.M. & Khoo, J. (2013) Diet and exercise in management of obesity and overweight. Journal of Gastroenterology and Hepatology. Vol. 28: 59–63. [Online] Available from: http://doi.wiley.com/10.1111/jgh.12407.

Galler, J.R., Bryce, C.P., Waber, D., Hock, R.S., Exner, N., Eaglesfield, D., Fitzmaurice, G. & Harrison, R. (2010) Early childhood malnutrition predicts depressive symptoms at ages 11-17. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry and Allied Disciplines. Vol. 51, No. 7: 789–798.

Galler, J.R., Bryce, C.P., Waber, D.P., Hock, R.S., Harrison, R., Eaglesfield, G.D. & Fitzmaurice, G. (2012) Infant malnutrition predicts conduct problems in adolescents. Nutritional Neuroscience. Vol. 15, No. 4: 186–192. [Online] Available from: http://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1179/1476830512Y.0000000012.

Holick, M.F. & Chen, T.C. (2008) Vitamin D deficiency: A worldwide problem with health consequences. American Journal of Clinical Nutrition. Vol. 87, No. 4.

Hung, L.S., Tidwell, D.K., Hall, M.E., Lee, M.L., Briley, C.A. & Hunt, B.P. (2015) A meta-analysis of school-based obesity prevention programs demonstrates limited efficacy of decreasing childhood obesity. Nutrition Research. Vol. 35, No. 3: 229–240.

Kuźbicka, K. & Rachoń, D. (2013) Bad eating habits as the main cause of obesity among children. Pediatric Endocrinology, Diabetes, and Metabolism. Vol. 19, No. 3: 106–10. [Online] Available from: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/25577898.

Loprinzi, P.D. & Cardinal, B.J. (2011) Measuring Children’s Physical Activity and Sedentary Behaviors. Journal of Exercise Science & Fitness. Vol. 9, No. 1: 15–23. [Online] Available from: http://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S1728869X11600026.

NHS (2016) The Eatwell Guide. [Online] Available from: https://www.nhs.uk/Livewell/Goodfood/Pages/the-eatwell-guide.aspx [accessed 27 March 2018].

Pate, R.R., Mitchell, J.A., Byun, W. & Dowda, M. (2011) Sedentary behaviour in youth. British Journal of Sports Medicine. Vol. 45, No. 11: 906–913.

Poti, J.M., Duffey, K.J. & Popkin, B.M. (2014) The association of fast food consumption with poor dietary outcomes and obesity among children: Is it the fast food or the remainder of the diet? American Journal of Clinical Nutrition. Vol. 99, No. 1: 162–171.

Rissel, C., Curac, N., Greenaway, M. & Bauman, A. (2012) Physical activity associated with public transport use-a review and modelling of potential benefits. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. Vol. 9, No. 7: 2454–2478.

Wang, Y.F. (2001) Cross-national comparison of childhood obesity: the epidemic and the relationship between obesity and socioeconomic status. Int J Epidemiol. Vol. 30, No. 5: 1129–1136.

 

 

Placement Philosophy

When considering placement, it is important to consider many things. Find below a shortlist of things you need to know, before you start hunting!

  • What you want to learn.
  • What skillset you want to work on
  • How you can be a valuable asset
  • Connections you will make
  • Future possibilities

 

All of these things contribute to the ideal placement for any aspiring student, whether they are in their first experience in secondary school, or a university planning their career for the future.

 

For me, my ideal placement starts right here, developing a website for Plymouth Marjon university, developing my practical skills by calibrating equipment, while honing my academic prowess and possibly even my renown! It allows me to learn about new equipment hands-on, while making connections to the lab staff and the university, while also having the future possibility of employability!

 

Consider your own now!

 

 

Professional development resources

Find here the links to many professional courses that may help you grow, develop and expand your knowledge, while also providing a path to be more qualified and perhaps even a career!

Become an FA referee

With this link, you can find general information on becoming an FA Referee and official. The FA have made becoming a referee easier than ever, while simultaneously making it more rewarding than your average morning post delivery job. Not only is it easy to qualify, but their professional development team will turn any aspirant into a strong, charismatic individual in no time.

 

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By becoming a first aider, you are not only qualified to work in sport more freely, you are also more likely to be hired by prospective employers. Show your aptitude for learning by earning this qualification before it is required of you, and maybe even save a few lives in the process!

 

Gym instructor

Becoming a lv2 Gym instructor is a good start for anyone looking to develop a strong practical skillset. Furthermore, it is a way to gain a job quite simply for youths, as well as providing a good foundation for future careers. Even if you only plan to use this as a side job, it is something you will not regret.

About me

Rory Payton; Sport scientist, culture enthusiast, Website Creator!

I am a Sport science at Plymouth Marjon university. After years of sport as a child, I decided to develop my skills as a teacher, my first passion. After discovering the science behind sport, however, I was fascinated, and found my way into the world of research, utilising my skills to debate and develop with others. Recently, I have been enamoured with developing my knowledge and understanding, as well as trying to expand my own experience.

 

Within sport, I have experience as a referee of Futsal and Football, as well as a player of Tennis and volleyball. Not only this, I now host my own research on this website, widening my own knowledge.

 

Now, I look forward to implementing this website into my work, using it as an archive of all the interesting work I have become proud of. Feel free to share the joy, and find your love of sport from mine!

 

See my CV for more details!